The Americans with Disabilities
Act (ADA) is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination
against people with disabilities in everyday activities,
such as buying an item at the store, going to the movies,
enjoying a meal at a local restaurant, exercising at the
health club, or having the car serviced at a local garage.
requirements were signed into law on January 26, 1990 and
would take effect in 1992. Given a two year grace period
to meet the requirements of the law businesses that served
the public were now required to modify policies and practices
that discriminate against people with disabilities; comply
with accessible design standards when constructing or altering
facilities; remove barriers in existing facilities where
readily achievable; and provide auxiliary aids and services
when needed - to ensure effective communication with people
who have hearing, vision, or speech impairments.
determine all of the requirements that a covered entity
must satisfy, it is necessary to refer to the regulations,
guidelines, and/or technical assistance materials that have
been developed by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Department
of Transportation (DOT), the Federal Communications Commission
(FCC), and the Architectural and Transportation Barriers
Compliance Board (the Access Board).
Title I - of the ADA prohibits discrimination against persons
with disabilities in employment.
Title II - of the ADA prohibits discrimination against persons
with disabilities in State and local government services,
programs, and activities.
Title III - of the ADA prohibits discrimination against
persons with disabilities in places of public accommodation
and commercial facilities.
IV - of the ADA mandates that telephone companies offer
TTY/telephone relay services to enable individuals who use
V - contains miscellaneous provisions applying to all titles
of the ADA.